You may have heard of a treatment called dry needling and wondered what exactly it is or if it is something that may be right for you.
While the name of the procedure may sound intimidating, dry needling is safe, minimally discomforting and often an effective technique for patients with certain musculoskeletal presentations. Dry needling is a treatment performed by skilled, trained physiotherapists and other health care practitioners, certified in the procedure. A thin monofilament needle penetrates the skin and treats underlying muscular trigger points for the management of neuromusculoskeletal pain and movement impairments.
So, what is a trigger point? A trigger point is a local contracture or tight band in a muscle fibre that can disrupt function, restrict range of motion, cause referred pain or local tenderness. When dry needling is applied to a dysfunctional muscle or trigger point, it can decrease banding or tightness, increase blood flow, and reduce local and referred pain.
It is important to note dry needling is not the same as acupuncture. It uses similar tools, but that is where the similarities end. Dry needling is performed by different practitioners with different training. Acupuncture is based on Eastern medicine, while dry needling is rooted in Western medicine and evaluation of pain patterns, posture, movement impairments, function and orthopaedic tests.
Dry needling treats muscle tissue, and its goal is to reduce pain, inactivate trigger points and restore movement and pain free function. It rarely is a standalone procedure. Rather, it often is part of a broader physiotherapy approach incorporating other traditional physiotherapy interventions into treatment.
Dry needling can be used for a wide variety of musculoskeletal issues, such as shoulder, neck, heel, calf, thigh, knee, hip and back pain.